Lack of Education: Causes

There are several causes of Lack of Education which are discussed below:


Poverty can be regarded as a big cause of a lack of education and for educational inequality. Children from poor families often do not have access to proper education since it is simply too expensive for their families to send them to school.

Moreover, these children also often have to work instead of attending school since they have to contribute to the family income in order to support their family members financially.


Orphans are at greater risk to suffer from a lack of education compared to “normal” kids since they often have no one who takes care of them. This could lead to financial trouble since it is quite hard to earn enough money to cover your expenses while you are still a kid.

In turn, this may result in a state where these children have to work quite a lot to earn enough money to survive. Thus, these orphans will have no time to attend school since they need all their time to work.


If you grow up in a family with homeless parents, chances are that you will not get proper education since your parents will not have sufficient money to send you to school and they might not even care too much since they often have other problems like drug addiction and you may therefore be at great risk to be neglected. Thus, growing up in a family with homeless parents may also contribute to educational inequality.


Parenting is a big factor when it comes to a lack of education. The more your parents care about you, the less likely it is that you end up with a low level of education. However, in some cases, parents just do not know better.

They may themselves have a low level of education and think that this education level is enough for a happy life. Therefore, they may lead you on the same education path which may lead to a lack of education for you.

Substance abuse

The abuse of substances of all sorts can also contribute to a lack of education. If you consume drugs on a regular basis, chances are that you become unreliable and you may also refrain from attending school too often.

Thus, substance abuse at a young age may also increase educational inequality since children who consume drugs will often prioritize substance consumption over school and their education levels are likely to suffer due to that.

Bad company

If you hang out with family members or friends who are doing drugs or other illegal stuff, chances are that you get influenced by these people and they may eventually drag you down in life. You may also start to consume substances or skip school which may translate into a lack of education in later stages.


Laziness may also be a factor when it comes to educational inequality. Some people have a higher motivation to learn and develop themselves than others.

People who are not gifted with this drive to learn and progress may have a hard time in school since they may have no motivation to get good grades in order to be able to attend university later.

This may also lead to a serious lack of education if the will to learn is extremely limited.

Cultural factors

In some cultures, it is also quite common that people often only get quite basic education. These cultures often rely on certain beliefs and may not value advanced education enough to send their children to university or other educational institutions.


Religion can also play a big role in the level of education. Religious families often live quite conservative, which often makes it hard for children to get proper education since the religious beliefs of parents may not be in line with the education goal.

This may be especially true for girls since they are often supposed to stay at home and to cook and do the household instead of getting proper education and start a career.


Conflicts can also be a big cause of a lack of education. In regions where conflicts are common, people simply feel that the protection of their life is more important than sending their kids to school.

Moreover, due to conflicts, many people have to leave their homes and migrate to other countries to save their life. Thus, children who are suffering from these adverse conditions are likely not be able to get proper education due to conflicts.

Natural disasters

Natural disaster may also play a role when it comes to a lack of education. When regions get hit by natural disasters like tsunamis or other catastrophes, people living in these regions will suffer from vast destruction of public infrastructure.

They may also suffer from serious health issues due to these natural disasters. Under these horrible conditions, it will be quite hard for children to get proper education since schools and other educational facilities may have been destroyed.

Insufficient educational infrastructure

In some regions, the overall educational infrastructure is quite bad. This is especially true for rural areas. People who live in these regions often have to bring their children to the next school.

However, many poor people do not even have a car. This will likely lead to a lack of education for their children since these children may not be able to attend school simply due to the long distance.

Teacher gaps

Some regions may also suffer from a shortage of teachers. In those regions, classes are often quite big and teachers will not be able to respond to every school kid individually.

This may in turn lead to educational inequality since some children learn faster than others. Children who learn quite slow may be left behind and their overall education level may significantly suffer due to that.

Low qualification levels of teachers

Another issue related to a lack of education may be an insufficient qualification of teachers. If teachers have no high level of education, chances are that school kids will also have a low level of education when they finish school since their teachers have simply not been able to teach them on a high level.

Lack of learning materials

Especially in poor developing countries, children also often suffer from a lack of learning materials. If children do not have the appropriate books or other facilities to learn, chances are that their level of education will suffer.

Gender discrimination

Although the tolerance towards women and girls who want to attend school has increased over the past decades, there are still many countries in which women are meant to stay at home and do the household instead of getting proper education and to work in a normal job.

This gender discrimination will lead to a lack of education for many girls since their families may not want them to attend school.


Children who suffer from disabilities, especially in poor countries, are likely to get only insufficient education since parents will often not have enough money to send all of their kids to school.

These parents will often choose a family member who has the best chances to succeed in school in order to secure the family income. Thus, children with disabilities will rather stay at home instead of attending school.