In linguistics, borrowing (also known as lexical borrowing) is the process by which a word from one language is adapted for use in another. The word that is borrowed is called a borrowing, a borrowed word, or a loanword One of the most common source of new words in English in the process simply labelled borrowing that is talking over of words from other languages is technically it’s more than just borrowing because English does not give them back throughout its history the English language has adopted a vast number of word from other languages included these examples
• piano is taken from Italian word and
• tattoo is taken from Tahitian and jewel is taken from French word traditional it taken from German tattoo is taken from Japanese and sofa is from a Arabic word.
Sometimes a new sound comes Along with new words .the voiced fricative /3/z became part of English through borrowed French words such as Measure and Rogue. other languages of course borrowed from the English as in the Japanese use of suupa Suupamaketoo o( supermarket) and taipuraitaa (typeWriter) we can also hear of people in Finland using sekki means (check) to pay their bills Hungarians talking of a about sport klub,and futbal .
In Brazilian Portuguese English words up and nerd have been borrowed and turned into verbs fro the new activities upar (to upload) and nerdear (to surf the internet). In some cases the borrowed words are used with quite novel meaning is in the contemporary German use of English words partner and look in the phrase impartnerlook to describe two people who are together and wearing similar clothing and other German uses of English words are illustrated. A Special type of borrowing is described as lone translation in this process there is a direct translation of the elements of a word into borrowing languages interesting examples are French term gratte-ciel which is literally translate is (“scrape-sky”) all of which were calques for the english skyscraper .
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